Pregnancy is a unique period of a woman’s life, where lifestyle behaviours, including physical activity can significantly affect your health, as well as that of the fetus. It can be a challenging time to be active and many women are unsure of what is recommended in terms of exercise when expecting. Although guidelines around the world recommend women without contraindications engage in prenatal physical activity, fewer than 15% of women will actually achieve the minimum recommendation of 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity physical activity during their pregnancy.
The key recommendations from the 2019 Canadian guidelines for physical activity throughout pregnancy are:
1: All women without contraindications should be physically active throughout pregnancy.
2: Pregnant women should accumulate at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity each week to achieve clinically meaningful health benefits and reductions in pregnancy complication.
3: Physical activity should be accumulated over a minimum of 3 days per week, however, being active every day is encouraged.
4: Pregnant women should incorporate a variety of aerobic and resistance training.
5: Pelvic Floor muscle training may be performed on a daily basis to reduce the risk of urinary incontinence. Instruction on the proper technique is recommended to obtain optimal benefits.
6: Pregnant woman who experience light-headedness, nausea or feel unwell when they exercise flat on their back should change and avoid this position.
The condition was initially described in 1873. The name “lawn tennis elbow” first came into use for the condition in 1882.
Around 2 % of the population aged 30-50 will present with these symptoms.
It is not just tennis players, Tennis Elbow is also known as Lateral Epicondylitis or Lateral Elbow Tendinopathy
Our lateral elbow anatomy is made up of a number of components, the key component we have to assess when looking at Tennis elbow is our common wrist extensors. They create a broad tendon that inserts on the outside of the lower part of the humerus.
Running is an excellent way to get fit! However, sometimes when we start a new program we can feel little niggles beginning to arise. Achilles tendinopathy is a common injury among runners, especially those who are increasing their training load.
What is the achilles?
The achilles tendon is the biggest and strongest tendon in the body located in the back of the lower leg. The tendon has the capacity to resist large forces. It stems from the calf muscles (the gastrocnemius and soleus) and inserts into the heel of our foot (the calcaneus).
What is Achilles Tendinopathy?
A tendinopathy is a disorder which can happen when there is disrepair and disorganisation within the tendon structure. This can happen when there is excessive load placed on the structure, for example if someone starts running and increases their mileage too quickly.
The effects of overuse, poor circulation, lack of flexibility, gender, and hormonal factors can lead to tendinopathies. The structure of the tendon is disturbed by repetitive strain, causing inflammation. This cumulative microtrauma weakens the tendon, which ultimately leads to tendinopathy, especially if recovery is not allowed.
2/3 of Irish adults are not getting enough exercise. All though Christmas is a time to switch off and relax, it’s important to try maintain a level of activity over the festive period. Here are easy tips to help keep you moving.
1. Walking Weather permitting, try meet your friends and family for a nice walk instead of sitting by the fire. Aim to get up to your 10,000 steps daily.
2. Stretching Going through a stretching regime is a nice way to get moving. Check out some good overall body stretching exercises here and here.
The graph above represents the power output, which can also be thought of as the intensity of an activity (x-axis), with regard to the corresponding heart rate (left axis) and lactate produced (right axis).