The shoulder is the the most unstable joint in the body and comprises by 3 main parts the glenoid, the humerus and the scapula (shoulder blade). The shoulder joint is stabilised by several structures; ligaments, capsule and the tendons of the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff is made up of 4 muscles, SUPRAPINATUS, INFRASPINATUS, TERES MINOR and SUBSCAPULARIS. These muscles work together to rotate the arm inwards and outwards and also work to take the arm away from the body to the side. These muscles can be injured in several ways with repetitive movements, trauma, muscular imbalance or adaptive postures.
In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas)
The graph above represents the power output, which can also be thought of as the intensity of an activity (x-axis), with regard to the corresponding heart rate (left axis) and lactate produced (right axis).
Having previously talked about the importance of the gluteal (bum) muscles. Now I’m going to look at this from the aspect of cycling, during the initial phase of cycling (12-4 o’clock) the glutes were an important muscle group for generating power, and by improving one’s ability to deliberately activate these muscles and improve their strength/power, one could reduce quadriceps (thigh) fatigue and improve cycling power output and performance. Frustratingly having looked extensively over the past week for some body of QUALITY research that would back up these ideas, I have found it a fruitless task.
You’re sprinting up the pitch, defender to your left, goal in sight. Making a split second decision to get past your marker, your foot is planted on the ground and you twist suddenly to make your break. Suddenly you hear a “pop” followed by intense pain in your knee. You crumple to the ground, unable to put weight through the leg and the team physiotherapist runs on to you. She moves your knee around, the pain is worsening and says she suspects it could be an ACL tear. So now what? What is your ACL? Why did you get this injury? And most importantly, will you ever get back on the pitch again?
I recently attended the Safe Rugby level 2 first aid course at the Aviva stadium. This updated my knowledge on the management of concussion, spinal injuries and general sports first aid. These skills will help me deliver a high standard of care at Peak physiotherapy. Something that kept coming up on this course was the poor understanding and management of concussion across the country. Therefore I thought it would be helpful to provide some information on the management and symptoms of concussion.
Mindfulness seems to be a buzzword nowadays. Truth be told it is a concept that has been around for centuries. In our current world, we are more distracted than ever with social media and the internet taking over the majority of our lives. We lose focus on basic things like our breathing, our thoughts and feelings.
Mindfulness is based our the principle of being present when doing a specific task. This could relate to being aware of eating when you are ACTUALLY eating. Thinking about the taste, texture, smell in a relaxed and patient manner. The opposite is obviously shovelling enough food down our throats and hope that you wont be hungry by the time you get your next break or are interrupted by family or work colleagues.