With the football All-Ireland approaching this weekend, lets have a look at injury prevention in GAA. Regardless of what type of exercise you are doing, be yoga or tennis, it’s important to get a good warm up especially for injury prevention.
There has been a big focus on injury prevention in GAA in the recent years, due to the high levels of injuries. Research from the National GAA Injury Database reported that:
Two-thirds of players get injured and 1/3 have more than one injury in any season. One quarter of injuries are recurrences of existing or old injuries
Over 75% of these injuries are lower limb injuries.
Approximately ⅔ of these injuries are non-contact related i.e. sprinting, landing, twisting, plant/cut movements.
With these injuries and mechanisms of injuries in mind, the GAA Medical, Scientific and Welfare Committee in conjunction with UCD Physiotherapy Department, created the “GAA 15”.
Myofascial trigger point dry needling is a technique used to release myofascial trigger points. It involves the insertion of sterile single use acupuncture needles into the muscle to target a trigger point. This causes a local twitch response, the muscle contracts and relaxes. This causes a chemical response which helps to inhibit the pain/inflammatory cycle.
German-born Joseph Pilates invented the classical pilates method while working to rehabilitate soldiers badly injured in war. He used resistance devices attached to beds to allow bed ridden patients to exercise their muscles. He only wrote one book on his technique before he died. Since the passing of Joseph Pilates, the techniques have been modified and enhanced. The principles have been refined to reflect current understanding of anatomy, physiology and kinesiology.
Many of us spend most of our working day sitting at a desk. Working full time that means nearly 2000 hours a year at your desk! Two in three Irish adults are not getting enough activity to maximise the benefits for their health. Results from the Irish Society of Chartered Physiotherapists in their World Physiotherapy day survey suggest that 18-24 year olds may be the least physically active amongst all adults, spending up to 5 hours a day in front of a screen!
What can you do to improve your physical health at work?
Tendinopathies are a common source of pain in athletes. However for coaches and patients it can be difficult to understand and acknowledge in training and competitions. They develop over the course of preseason where the intensity of the training is increased. Stereo-typically athletes experience an aching tendon or region at the start of a session, ease off once the tissue is warmed up and then a dull ache the next day for 24hours, slightly more than normally. If the ache in question is worse for greater than 48hours, the sporting activity is likely too much for the tissue at that time and a rehab plan should be started.
Groin and hip pathologies have been recently grown popular in the media. It has been viewed as a complex area, sometimes referred to as the Bermuda Triangle of injuries. in sports medicine. With increased research in the area, this has lead to better diagnosis and treatment.
Groin injuries have been regular occurrence in games such as soccer, gaelic football and hurling for years. The stress placed on the muscles around the inner thigh once playing sports that involve a lot of cutting and changing of direction, can lead to strained muscles if there any weaknesses. The muscles in question need to flexible, strong and reactive to the demands of each sport. Groin injuries have hampered the careers of high profile athletes such as Jonny Wilkinson (rugby) and Michael Owen (soccer).